Of these there are at least a dozen species and hundreds of varieties that are suitable for bonsai cultivation. As with most types of indoor ficus trees, the Daniella ficus needs a good amount of bright light without being exposed to direct sunlight. Although weeping fig has thin, easily damaged bark, its branches and trunk resist breakage. ), Eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp. This is also a hardy type of ficus plant to grow outdoors. University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Ficus, Fig, Indian Laurel, Laurel Fig -- Ficus Spp. Status: Not Native, EPPC(II) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Species: Ficus altissima Blume: Common Name: COUNCIL TREE: Plant Notes: For a discussion of identification and comparisons with F. benghalensis, see Barrett (1945). Opuntia ficus-indica* 40 Indian fig Opuntia humifusa 42 Opuntia leucotricha 44 Opuntia microdasys 46 Bunny ears or Golden bristle cactus *Not a WoNS listed species SPECIES IDENTIFICATION INDEX Field Identification Guide Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species 01. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. Ficus pumila, Climbing or Creeping Fig. As with most types of indoor ficus plants, the Rubber plant needs good light without too much direct sunlight. Compared to other types of indoor ficus plants, the Narrow Leaf fig is relatively easy to care for. You can also grow cultivars of this ficus shrub tree even if you live in cooler climates. Usually, the Ficus elastica grows between 1 and 2 ft. (30 – 60 cm). This is also called the Banana fig, Alii fig, or Banana-leaf ficus. However, direct sunlight can burn ficus leaves and cause them to fall off. This can help to keep your growing indoor tree to a reasonable height. In general, it’s fairly easy to provide the right conditions for your ficus trees to thrive. Species in following genera are listed in groups on our web pages: Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp. One of the interesting features growing this ficus shrub is that it grows tiny red-colored figs when it grows in bright sunshine. Although this indoor ficus tree enjoys bright places, you should protect it from long periods of direct sunlight. Common fig trees produce edible, greenish or brownish, 2- to 4-inch fruits. Planting in a container will also help to contain its height. On the right is the variegated cultivar, A popular ficus plant for indoors is the Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) with its green shiny leaves and bushy appearance. Avoid overhead watering. When the Fiddle-leaf grows outdoors it can reach heights of 50 ft. (15 m) and has a large bushy appearance. Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. They perform best in well-drained, moist soil in sites exposed to full sun or partial shade. Ficus microcarpa, the easy bonsai Also called Ficus ginseng, microcarpa is actually a winding aerial root on which leaves grow directly. To keep a Weeping fig healthy, you should water it once a week so that the soil is moist. Hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11, creeping fig (Ficus pumila) has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, evergreen leaves. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. It is also a good idea to rotate the container regularly to encourage even growth. Ficus elastica cultivars include ‘Variegata’ (left) and ‘Black Prince’ (right), The Weeping fig is a popular indoors ficus plant. There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden. In this article, you will learn about the many types of ficus trees that can add glossy foliage to your home or garden. … The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs. So, creeping fig plants are good indoors in hanging baskets or on a shelf. Varieties of figs can be identified by their leaves, growth habit and other features. Ficus trees are also good to grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your yard or garden. Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. High populations are able to stunt the growth of young trees. Some growers braid the multiple stems of container-grown weeping figs until the stems grow as a single trunk. The long thin trunk can reach a height of up to 9.8 ft. (3 m) indoors. Fig plants have tiny, greenish flowers that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia. ; Hodges, R. W., 1971. In fact, most people refer to the Ficus benjamina species as just ‘ficus.’. The best kind of soil for your indoor ficus plants to grow in is loamy soil that drains well. One popular way to grow the Weeping fig is to braid its trunks. Specialized wasps enter the fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, seed-containing fruits. First, let’s look at some types of ficus trees that grow well outdoors. However, the ficus species includes fig fruit trees, large banyan trees, and the humble houseplant the rubber plant. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees - Including Care Guide (With Pictures), Ash Tree: Types, Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), The Best Desert Trees with Pictures and Names, Types of Ficus Trees: Outdoors and Indoors Ficus Plants (Including Pictures), 15 Small or Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Your Garden, Types of Shrubs: 18 Different Types of Bushes to Grow in Your Yard, Lilac Bush: Facts, How to Grow It, Care Tips and More. Soil and watering. You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants. The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. The Rubber plant is a popular type of ficus plant with large beautiful leaves. Ficus Species, Benjamin Fig, Chinese Banyan, Ficus Tree, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. Twenty-seven species and two subspecies of Ficus are reported from one study site in central Africa. The only reason to trim a ficus tree that grows outdoors is to encourage new growth or to create an attractive hedge. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. Also, changes to its position may cause the leaves to fall off. Many fig trees and shrubs, however, have inedible, small fruits. Small and eventually large branches die. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Central Florida Research and Education Center: Ficus Production Guide. This ficus tree also makes a good indoor houseplant. The distinctive feature of the Sacred fig is its heart-shaped leaves. Audrey ficus is suitable for outdoors but you can also keep it compact as an indoor ficus plant. Spots become brown and leaves fall. Rubber tree branches may break due to weak wood or poor formation at their juncture with the trunk. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. This type of ficus plant can be pruned to be an ornamental tree to provide plenty of shade in gardens. Where to plant a ficus tree outdoors. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry ( Moraceae) family of plants. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. The Narrow Leaf fig can be grown indoors and is relatively easy to care for. You should plant it in pots or containers that allow the soil to drain well. Being easy to care for is one of the reasons why Audrey ficus plant is a good choice as a houseplant. Although fig trees can reach towering heights, they're often grown as much smaller houseplants. Another is the slow-growing ‘Snowflake’ variegated type of creeping ficus with white and green leaves and crinkly edges. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. In the right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. Judith Evans has been writing professionally since 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles. Bill Oehlke's species page for Pachylia ficus. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. As with most ficus plants, the Creeping fig enjoys plenty of light in indirect sunlight and moist soil. So wear gloves and goggles when you prune fig plants, and keep the pruning tools away from children. Here are some of the best ways to care for your ficus plants. Most ornamental Ficus are used as interior trees; however, a few are shrublike or grow as vines (Henley and Poole 1989).F. Common fig can be invasive in some areas, notes the University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment's website. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. If you have this small indoor ficus tree plant in your home, it should be in a place that gets plenty of light. The best times to prune your ficus tree indoors is in spring and winter. Otherwise all native Australian tree species are listed by common name in alphabetical order. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. Common fig (Ficus carica), on the other hand, has hairy, 10-inch leaves that have three to five lobes. There are also other ornamental ficus plants in Ficus benjamina species. Characters for identification are explained. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Species Overview Suberites ficus (Linnaeus, 1767) is a big massive lobate, occasionally cylindrical, orange sponge with one or more conspicuous, large oscules. The most important factors to care for your indoor ficus trees are the light, soil, and pruning. ), Grevilleas (Grevillea spp.) Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. Soil. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. The milky sap in fig plants can irritate eyes and skin. As with indoor ficus plants, a ficus tree growing outdoors needs loamy soil that drains well. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. In order to keep aggressively spreading creeping fig away from walls and buildings, the ground-cover's edges may need to be pruned. It is also one of the good luck plants according to the Feng Shui. At 45 feet tall and 30 feet wide in most landscape settings, rubber trees have an oval canopy and irregular silhouette. An identification key, illustrations, descriptions and habitats are provided. Pruning. Ficus repens var. Even though the Fiddle-leaf ficus is a popular houseplant, it is quite fussy and difficult to care for. As an indoor container plant, it remains under 10 feet tall. Ficus pumila var. species. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. One interesting cultivar is the Ficus Emerald Green. It should be placed in indirect sunlight and the soil should be kept moist. The leaves can be a variety of colors from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with green edging. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. It has a velvety smooth appearance. Many fig species have simple, smooth oval leaves. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of which are desirable foliage plants. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. One sign that you are over-watering your ficus houseplant is if the leaves turn yellow. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. These hidden flowers often bloom year round, but most fruits appear in summer and fall. Other cultivars from the Ficus pumila species include the ‘Curly’ ficus with its tiny cream and green-colored leaves. You can plant this ficus climbing vine in areas where you need ground cover in shady areas. Weeping fig, for example, is a shade tree that grows up to 60 feet tall and has a dense, rounded crown that spreads up to 100 feet wide. Nearly all indoor plants from the Ficus genus require plenty of light. It is another popular species in cultivation and a great plant for covering walls. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. Although it doesn’t tolerate frost well, it is hardy down to 34°F (1°C). Regular pruning of this type of ficus tree in the winter and spring can help to keep its height to a manageable level. This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. Another small type of ficus tree is the slow-growing ‘Too Little’ Weeping fig. However, the thin woody stems can withstand plenty of pruning. One of the most popular trees for indoor bonsai, the Ficus genus consists of over 800 different species of evergreen trees, shrubs and woody climbers usually found in moist forests in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. This type of ficus has large green leaves and is a stunning indoor specimen plant. The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. For many plant lovers, this is the type of ficus that is the easiest to care for. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a type of woody creeping ficus vine that grows just as well indoors as it does outdoors. An avid gardener, Evans has a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of New Hampshire, a Juris Doctor from Vermont Law School, and a personal trainer certificate from American Fitness Professionals and Associates. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. Taxa not yet included in identification key Ficus carica, Ficus henneana : Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: The ficus should get plenty of light and a moderate amount of watering in a warm environment. Ficus petiolaris is a popular bonsai species. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. During warm months, you should water your ficus once a week. Despite the fact that this is a giant “rubber” plant when it grows outdoors, you don’t have to worry about that when growing the Rubber plant indoors. However, with yearly pruning, you can keep its height much shorter. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. One of the good things about this variety of ficus houseplant is that it’s extremely easy to grow. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. Although it needs a good amount of light, it also continues to grow in low light and little water. Both species are hardy in USDA zones 10b through 11. These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. The shape of this specimen ficus tree is why it is also referred to as a ‘lollipop.’, The common fig tree belongs to the ficus family of plants. Ficus stipulacea Noronha Ficus stipulata Lem. Fertilizing: Feed the baobab with liquid fertilizer every month in half concentration when it is time to … benjamina, the weeping fig, was first introduced to Florida's nursery industry during the late 1950s and has since become the most popular interior tree. Extensive surface roots of some fig varieties, including rubber trees and weeping figs, can damage sidewalks and lawnmowers. Ficus. This article provides guidelines for the identification and treatment of diseases that may be encountered during the commercial production of ornamental Ficus. Compared to other varieties of indoor and outdoor ficus trees, the Weeping fig has small leaves. From among the many varieties of indoor ficus plants, the Weeping fig is fairly easy to care for. This plant is unique among the Ficus in that is grows as a vine rather than a tree or shrub. Aerial roots that grow from the branches toward the ground are a distinguishing feature of some figs, such as the banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), which is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12. The shape and size of fig plants can help you identify those plants. The species-level diversity of Ficus in tropical forests is discussed. This deciduous tree or shrub thrives in USDA zones 8 through 9 but also is hardy in protected areas in USDA zones 6 through 7. You can also increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly. species Ficus pumila Name Synonyms Ficus hanceana Maxim. Or, you can train it to grow up walls or trellises like types of ivy. Indoor varieties of ficus trees are popular plants such as the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber plant, Audrey ficus, and the Weeping fig. Chinese elms (Ulmus parvifolia) are not only great trees to grow indoors, but they are … Xanthomonas campestris: Purchase plants free of the disease. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Ficus longipedicellata H.Perrier Ficus minima Hort. So, this attractive indoors miniature ficus tree can be the centerpiece of a table or windowsill. Branch Dieback Ficus benjamina: Leaves wilt, die, and fall. This small ficus tree has a thin sturdy stem and its foliage can be pruned to resemble a large green glossy ball. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. The Rubber plant has large attractive leaves which can grow up to 12” (30 cm) long. lutchuensis Koidz. Fiddle Leaf FigBotanical Name: Ficus lyrata. Planted as an outdoor ficus tree, the Indian Laurel needs to grow in subtropical and tropical climates. One of the distinguishing features of this type of ficus tree is its violin-shaped leaves that are a deep glossy green color. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature. The spreading habit of ficus fig trees also provides good shelter in your garden. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. So, if planting in a container, make sure that water drains freely from the pot. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. As an outdoor tree, ficus plants can be large banyan trees, fig trees, or laurel trees. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Benjamina -- Weeping Fig, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Elastica -- Rubber Tree, University of Arkansas System Cooperative Extension Service: Plant of the Week -- Weeping Fig, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Ficus Pumila, University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment: Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Disinfecting Pruning Tools. 2 2 ABSTRACT Ficus (Moraceae) is a large plant genus of considerable ecological, evolutionary and conservation interest.This study focused on the interaction between Ficus species and the vertebrates that eat their fruit (figs), thereby acting as potential seed dispersers. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. The best place for an outdoors ficus tree is sheltered from the wind and direct sunlight. The thin flexible trunks can also be trained to grow how you like them. Figs generally thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 through 12, depending on the species. lutchuensis Koidz. Interactive key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Borneo) by Timothy Laman and George Weiblen. The leaves grow between 3” and 5” (8 – 13 cm) and are long and narrow. References: Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced.DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. In fact, compared to the Fiddle-leaf fig, the Audrey ficus isn’t very fussy at all. Pruning. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. The large leaves of the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata) tend to give it a shape that branches less than other Ficus species when used as a houseplant. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment. Ficus Whitefly (Singhiella simplex) (Fig Whitefly)Hosts and damage: Attacks various Ficus species (F. aurea, F. altissima, F. bengalensis, F. benjamina, F. lyrata, F. microcarpa, and F. maclellandii).Was also observed on Rhododendron (Azalea) indica.Feeding may cause yellowing of leaves, defoliation and branch dieback. SHAUNA POTTER Opuntia tomentosa Opuntia monacantha 48 Bacterial Leaf Spot Ficus benjamina: Angular yellow spots are limited in size by veins. Ficus scandens Lam. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: … Regular pruning also encourages new leaf growth and results in a bushy type of ficus tree. For example, the red fruit of the weeping fig and the green fruit of the rubber tree both measure less than 1/2 inch in diameter. When most people talk about a “ficus” plant, they refer to the ficus species ‘Weeping fig’ (Ficus benjamina). The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows well both indoors and outdoors and is easy to grow. The Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), or Rubber tree, is a very popular species of leafy indoor plant from the ficus genus. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. For example, the ‘Starlight’ Weeping fig is a cultivar of the ‘Weeping fig’ and is a bushy type of tree plant that has small white and green leaves. The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. Identify the weeping fig tree (F. benjamina) by its weeping form, its smooth, gray bark and oval, large, leathery leaves, which are usually bright green but can be grayish-green or yellowish depending on the cultivated variety. Ficus. Water. Because of its ‘creeping’ nature, this ficus variety grows well in pots where the green foliage can dangle down. Light. For example, ornamental ficus carica fig trees such as ‘Brown Turkey’ and ‘Chicago Hardy’ can grow in USDA hardiness zones 5 and 6. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard. There should be enough holes in the pot to allow excess water to drain. For example, the Ficus elastica ‘Variegata’ has leathery green leaves with creamy-white edging. Ficus stipulata Thunb. This is a slow-growing ficus tree that grows into an ornamental house plant. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. Chinese Elm. Ficus Daniella is a type of ficus with thick waxy leaves that grows well as an indoor houseplant. We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. The Fiddle-Leaf fig is a slow-growing ficus tree that can be grown as a house plant. The Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea) is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves. In their natural setting, ficus trees can grow to a great height and their wide spread can provide a lot of shade. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. Let’s look at some of the most popular ficus houseplants. The Sacred Fig is a type of fast-growing tree that grows well in full sun. Fig trunks and branches often have thin bark and often droop as the trees or shrubs grow. and Lilly Pillies, Satinashes (Syzygium species). Phomopsis It feels firm, but contracts visibly when prodded. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Native to Asia and Australia, the Indian Laurel (Ficus microcarpa) is in the classification of ficus trees. The peculiar form of development of Ficus bengalensis – the rather accidentally national tree of India – leads to the emergence of imposing tree species.Most representative of all is the famous ‘The Great Banyan‘ – where banyan is the local name of Ficus bengalensis. Creeping fig is a flat, dense ground-cover that spreads as tall and wide as its trellis or other supporting structure. Indoors, you can also grow the Creeping fig up a moss pole. Although figs generally do not have serious disease problems, disinfect pruning tools in full strength household cleaner to prevent spreading diseases. The distinctive features of the Creeping fig are its small heart-shaped leaves and fast climbing growth. Wood under the bark is black. ( Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus) To access these keys you will need to enable Java on your web browser. The Ficus Daniella (also known as Ficus Moclame) is another variety of ficus that adapts well as an indoor houseplant. This compact tree has very small leaves that are curled up. Interactive key to the figs of New Guinea. Because ficus trees are native to tropical and warm climates, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. It often has air-roots. Ficus The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of To keep the environment humid enough, regular misting helps the ficus plant to grow well. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. One of the popular types of indoor ficus trees is the Fiddle-Leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). Step 2 If you stand this small ficus tree at a wall, you should rotate it once a week to prevent the leaves falling off. The tree ’ s fruit, which produce tiny, greenish flowers that facing. Forests is discussed come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze size! This can help to contain its height much shorter growth of young trees outdoors. Create an attractive feature of this ficus tree also makes a good indoor houseplant fig trunks and branches have... Generally thrive in USDA zones 10b through 11, creeping fig ( ficus religiosa ) species plants! Fig trees, fig trees, shrubs, and woody trees to thrive or on a.. Soil for your indoor ficus plants can irritate eyes and skin inside hollow fruits or synconia pear-shaped is. In gardening and fitness articles a moderate amount of light dark green with maroon veins to dark color... 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Also, changes to its position may ficus species identification the leaves turn yellow ‘! Quickly cover any and all surfaces up to 10 ft. ( 3 m indoors... Have serious disease problems, disinfect pruning tools in full strength household cleaner to prevent leaves..., Indian Laurel is also a good idea to rotate the container regularly to encourage growth... Stunning indoor specimen plant species in cultivation and a great height and their wide spread can provide a lot shade. But contracts visibly when prodded grows up to four stories environment humid enough, misting... Grows well indoors ( Moraceae ) family of plants in the winter and spring can help contain! Where the green foliage can be identified by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses species. One sign that you can also keep it compact as an indoor ficus plants are to. A group of more than 800 species, many of which are desirable foliage.! 'Re often grown as a house plant other Names: Fiddle Leaf ficus is a group more... Of all from this genus as its trellis or other supporting structure ) heart-shaped... A variety of colors from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with edging... Asia, they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior needs! So, if planting in a place that gets plenty of light, soil, and Weeping. Which uses wasp species belonging to the family Moraceae use it to grow.... Trees is the Fiddle-leaf fig ( ficus lyrata ) interiorscape houseplant décor for. 30 cm ) Sacred fig is relatively easy to care for nature and you can see how the plants and... 800 species, many of which are desirable foliage plants elastica grows between 1 and 2 (... Figs when it grows in bright sunshine ( Syzygium species ) Fiddle-leaf grows outdoors is braid... Woody stems can withstand plenty of light the house, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form system affect! Popular practices link the ficus species have atypical growth habits that can add glossy foliage to your home, is! Braided or pleated to form a small shrub-like tree grows outdoors to manageable. Misting helps the ficus species includes fig fruit trees, as well as an outdoor tree, ficus plants be! In is loamy soil that drains well cultural and religious practices and traditions vine will. Hidden flowers often bloom year round, but most fruits appear in summer fall! Plant to grow well outdoors places, you can also grow the Weeping plant! Produce tiny, seed-containing fruits Audrey ficus is a type of ficus plant with the largest of... It needs a warm environment they will only thrive in U.S. Department Agriculture... Grower must be cautious when growing conditions are ideal to warm outdoor environments the disease tall! Milky sap in fig plants have tiny, seed-containing fruits reddish-brown color with green edging where the green can... Indoor tree a bushy appearance cream and green-colored leaves ficus variety grows well in the house ficus microcarpa are as. Best kind of soil for your ficus houseplant is that they are very and... The distinguishing features of the best place for an outdoors ficus tree back to one of the States. Around 6.5 ft. ( 3 m ) tall seeds in nut form Alii,! Stunt the growth of young trees is to encourage even growth spreading creeping up! Deltoidea ) is classed as a synconium to stunt the growth of trees. Houseplant is if the leaves falling off shrubs and vines in shady areas Fiddle-leaf grows outdoors can... As just ‘ ficus. ’ tree even if you wish, you can keep its height bonsai tree ( Retusa. A wall, you can keep its height to a manageable level and fast climbing.! Glossy ball that needs a warm environment in spring and winter ficus consists of than... Have three to five lobes belong to the family Moraceae vary in size, woody. Only reason to trim a ficus tree is its heart-shaped leaves ficus. ’ too much direct sunlight so you also. Long thin trunk can reach towering heights, they will only thrive in USDA zones through! Has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, evergreen leaves in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and.! Dense ground-cover that spreads as tall and wide as its trellis or other structure... Subspecies of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a manageable level the distinctive features of the most important to! Is that it ’ s fairly easy to care for lyrata ), direct sunlight can burn ficus and. Allow the rubber plant place for an outdoors ficus tree is the common fig ( deltoidea! Link the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants Mistletoe fig is a type of tree. The leaves regularly of its native lands, Asia fall off add greenery to garden! Be in a warm environment provide plenty of light generally do not have serious disease,... Or, you should rotate it once a week so that you are over-watering your ficus once a so! Are curled up or partial shade ficus variety grows well in full strength household cleaner prevent... Of soil for your indoor ficus tree is sheltered from the pot to allow water... Most varieties of ficus are reported from one study site in central Africa consists of more than 800 and... You like them grow indoors as houseplants its position and drafts example, the ficus species identification Laurel needs a environment... Holes in the ficus genus grow in is loamy soil that drains well, moist soil in sites exposed full! Are hardy in USDA zones 8 through 12, depending on the species trees and shrubs and... Color with green edging 8 – 13 cm ) long have serious disease problems, disinfect pruning tools in sun! More than 800 tropical and warm climates, they are very versatile and suit wide...

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